Aquaculture sector, primarily those of Limnoculture (Freshwater fishes) and Vannamei culture (Freshwater shrimps) extensively use disinfectants in their farms for bio-security as well as routine cleaning processes. They are utilized to inactivate pathogenic microbes that were potential on clothing, tanks, animal pest removal, ponds and equipment surface. They are also utilised to disinfect gametes especially ova. Regardless of widespread and efficient use of disinfectants, several contributing factors significantly determine the grade for their choice and program.
Disinfectants mostly contain blend of compounds and stabilizers that can have compositions that are selective or broad spectrum program of compounds for target pathogens. Chemical disinfection of equipments and water is a critical task owing in natural waters as well as to the following effects and environmental impacts of the reagents themselves. Nontoxic cost friendly disinfectants; those that pathogens can’t adapt to or develop resistance was gradually shifted to wide spectrum biodegradable by the requirement. The best option for this is the use of Oxidizing Disinfectants. These are. Thus their mode of disinfection is oxidation of pathogen cell wall, cell membrane and cytoplasm. As an efficient aquaculture disinfectant, Peroxides, especially in the kind of Silver Hydrogen Peroxide has found widespread use of all oxidizing agents’ kinds.
The disinfectant properties of H2O2 applied and have been popularly discussed in recent years. The stabilized AgH2O2 is an outstanding disinfectant that is active over a wide spectrum of pathogens that are macroscopic as well as microscopic. Its flexibility as a pathogen cleaner and dirt remover makes it an ideal choice for incubation chambers , little ponds and disinfecting water tanks. It is most suitable for application in tanks and ponds as well as gear disinfection with or without. Its toxicity towards aquatic fauna that is higher makes it perfect for treatment during spread of diseases within the aquarium systems.
Silver stabilized H2O2 at concentrations have high disinfecting properties from a wide array of pathogens in comparison with identical concentrations of disinfectants that are industrial. Additionally, H2O2 has no toxicity towards fish that is many cultivated and fish eggs. It rapidly degrades releasing oxygen that kills the germs leaving no toxic environmental residue. It is cost friendly and non corrosive to tank materials. Moreover, Silver itself has bactericidal properties by attacking DNA material.
Required Property AgH2O2 tallies
Broad spectrum activity Effective against all kinds of yeast, viruses, bacteria, mould and spore formers
Toxicity and non-residue formulation
Cost effective Equipment and operation costs are low